GIULIO TURCATO

GIULIO TURCATO - Biography

He was born in Mantua in 1912 and died in Rome in 1995. He moved to Venice in 1925 where he attended the art school and, occasionally, the Free School of the Nude as hindered by the family. He made his first paintings and participated in a collective exhibition (1932). In 1934, during his military service in Palermo, he experienced the first symptoms of a lung disease that would mark its existence. Having settled in Milan in 1937, he is often ill, he turns to several hospitals.
He draws in Muzio's architectural studio. It comes into contact with the Current movement but does not adhere to it. In 1943 he settled in Rome. While engaged in the Resistance, he continues to paint. In 1945, together with Prampolini, Fazzini, Jarema, Savelli, Mafai, Corpora, Consagra, Perilli, he established the Art Club association and presents his works at the Gallerie Il Pincio, del Secolo, San Marco (1945). He signs the manifesto of the New Italian Artistic Secession and makes a trip to Paris with Carla Accardi, Consagra and Sanfilippo with whom, together with Attardi, Dorazio, Guerrini and Perilli, he creates the Forma 1 group.
In 1947 he exhibited at the Galleria La Spiga in Milan with the New Secession which then changed its name to Fronte Nuovo delle Arti (it was dissolved in 1948). Turcato joins the Group of Eight (born of a Front split), which theorises informal abstractionism. The work Mine gives him a prize at the Venice Biennale (he had already taken part in it and will participate in the editions of 1952, 1956-1958, 1966-1968, 1972; in that of 1984 he will set up the representation Moduli in viola / Tribute to Kandinsky, directed by Vana Caruso, his wife. The famous painting Comizio (1949) infuriates Togliatti because it is too abstract, but Turcato defends him thus: who are the mass. ”As evidence of his political passion, works like Massacro al napalm and Atomic landscape follow.
In 1950 he made a trip to Paris and in 1956 another to Asia (Russia, China, India). He travels to Morocco, Switzerland, Sweden and travels to New York (1962). Visit Cairo, Luxor, Abu Simbel (1964), experiences that inspire the series of paintings Doors of Egypt. He stayed in Nairobi (1970). Among the cycles of works, the Archipelagos, the Lunar Landscapes, the Foam Itineraries, the Changers are noteworthy. He exhibits with personal all over the world, including the Documenta reviews of Kassel and the Biennale of San Paolo. Among the museums it is at the MoMa in New York, at the Pac in Milan, at the Staatsgalerie Moderner Kunst in Munich, at the Musée de l'Athenée in Geneva, at the Philadelphia Museum of Art and many others.